Yak Wool Classification And Its Use
Yak Wool Classification and its use
Yak body yak hair classification and its use yak not only its meat has a certain edible value, and its hair is also very valuable, yak can resist the cold, its hair plays an important role, yak hair is divided into long hair, hair. Its traditional use and herdsmen's life is closely related to long hair used to do cattle rope, hair used to make clothes, tail hair used to do dust and so on. 1, long hair pointing to the yak chest, forearm, body side or hind legs of the long hair (its like apron, it is also known as "skirt"), herdsmen often used to twist cattle rope, tied tents and reins And so on. Production methods and procedures are: the fried under the yak coat finishing a long (generous hair, fineness of 52.5 microns above) with his hands straight to 15 cm (diameter) as a roll, a "hair roll ", And then with a single twist twisted into tops. Rubbing spinning, one person with a leather rope fixed fixed on the grass in the wood bloom, one person holding hair roll into the top (wool), the thickness of the length may be depending on the need. And finally the top of the synthesis of wool, there are three or four shares, but the most beautiful four shares. Yak woolen rope is durable. 2, fluff pure fluff (fineness of 25 microns below the wool fiber) is rarely used in the local, the villi used, mostly mixed with the length of the two types of hair (fineness of 25 to 52.2 microns), or two Type hair-based, or cut off the coat selected to remove long hair (coarse hair), as "fluff" use. The villi with its growth site, more in the yak's abdomen. In the pastoral plush used to weave tents (Tibetan), pants "Chalva" and short coat (Yi). 3, tail hair yak hair belongs to the special animal hair, mainly composed of coarse hair and fluff. From the yak hair in the separation of yak cashmere is a comparable with the cashmere high-grade wool raw materials. Yak is a unique species of alpine grassland produced in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent areas. It is distributed in Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan and Gansu provinces, accounting for more than 85% of the total number of the world. The rest is distributed in Mongolia, the Soviet Union and Central Asia area. Yak wool can be used as wool raw materials, China since the 20th century, 50 years for modern textile processing. Each head yak with an annual output of less than 2 kg gross, up to 25 kg, about one-third of the cashmere. Yak hair has less myelinated hair, and the pulp is also small, strength and elongation is good. Yak villi very fine, the average diameter of 18 ~ 20um, length of 3.4 ~ 4.5cm, strong about 35.3cN / tex, elongation of about 40%, there are irregular bending, scales were tight fit, flexible, Glossy soft, feel smooth, and cashmere quality is similar to the high-level textile raw materials.
Thick hair diameter greater than 55um, the length of 20cm or more, the average strength of about 70.6cN / tex, shape straight and less bending, smooth surface, and some have continuous hair, tough and shiny, felt poor shrinkage. Yak hair also contains two types of hair, but the fineness is more uniform, the content of small pulp. Yak hair mostly black, dark brown or mixed with white, adversely stained, China's Gansu white yak cashmere is treasures. Cut the yak hair thick mix, is not conducive to carding; crawling mainly for the villi, after the card can be a pure yak cashmere. Fluff can be used for sweaters and woven fabrics; coarse hair can be used for lining fabric and tents, blankets, sofa litter and so on. Yak tail hair can be used as ornaments and wigs. Yak cashmere contains two types of hair with fineness similar to that. Yak cashmere can be blended with fine wool woven garments coat, along the coat it (see coat it), blankets, knitted sweaters, etc., are high-end products. Contains a small amount of coarse wool yak cashmere is medium and low wool raw materials. Thick wool can do lining fabric and blankets, tents and so on. Yak tail hair can do wigs and decorations.