Yak Wool Classification And Its Use
Yak Wool Classification and its use
The classification of the yak, yak hair and its USES Yak is not only the meat is edible value, and its fur is very valuable, yak to resist cold, it plays an important role in MAO, yak hair is mainly divided into woolly, hairs and tail hair. Its traditional use is closely related to the life of the herdsmen. The long hair is used to make the rope, the wool is used to make the clothes, and the tail hair is used for dusting.
1, long hair Pointing to yak chest, arm, body side or long hind legs (its shape is like an apron, so it is also called "skirt" MAO), herders are commonly used to rub bolas, strapping tents and for the REINS, etc. Making method and the procedure is: will fry make up of yak hairs longer (shag, fineness in 52.5 microns) with both hands to straighten, to 15 cm (diameter) as a roll, become a "MAO", and then use the drift of rub spun wool top. When spinning, one person USES a leather rope to rotate the wood that is fixed on the grass, and one person has a hair curl (woolen yarn), and the length of the hair is fixed as needed. Finally, the woolen yarn will be synthesised, with three or four strands, but the most beautiful of the four. Yak wool ropes are durable.
2, fluffy pure essence of villi (fineness in 25 micron of wool fiber) in local rarely used, the villi, mostly are the two type of mixed with medium length hair (fineness in 25 ~ 52.2 microns), or is given priority to with both types of hair to use, or cut hair coat out after the long hair (hair), used as a "fuzz".
The villi are more in the belly of the yak. In the pasturing area, the villi are used to weave tents (Tibetan), "tsarawan" and jacket (yi nationality).
3, tail hair
Historically used as tributes, especially white tail hair is more valuable. Tail hair can be used to make wigs. The whole yak tail can be made into dust.
Description of yak hair: yak hair belongs to special animal hair, mainly composed of coarse wool and fluff. The yak wool from yak hair is an upscale woolen material that can be compared with cashmere. Yak is made in China on the Tibetan plateau and its adjacent regions of alpine grassland unique cattle, allocated about distribution, Tibet, sichuan, gansu and other provinces, account for more than 85% of the world total Numbers, the rest distributed in Mongolia, the Soviet union and central Asia. Yak hair can be used as raw material and China has been used in modern textile processing since the 1950s. The annual output of each yak is 2 kg, up to 25 kg and about a third of the wool. Yak hair has a small amount of medullary hair, and the pulp is small, strong and elongate.
Features: yak hair is very fine, and the average diameter of 18 ~ 20 um, length is 3.4 ~ 4.5 cm, strongly about 35.3 cN/Tex, elongation is about 40%, have irregular curve, scales show cricoid tightly embrace together, strong elasticity, soft luster, feel is smooth, is similar to cashmere quality advanced textile materials.
The gross diameter is greater than 55um, the length is above 20cm, and the average strength is about 70.0.6cn/Tex. It has a smooth and curved appearance, smooth surface, and has a continuous hairy pulp, which is tough and glossy, and has a poor shrinkage. Yak hair also contains two types of hair, but the fine degree is more uniform and the pulp content is small.
Yak hair is black, dark brown or mixed with white, unfavorable dye, China's gansu production white yak wool is a treasure. The shearing of yak hair is not good for comb. The grasp is mainly fluff, after the comb, can be pure yak velvet.